Beginner’s Guide to Protein Supplements
Protein is very essential to catalyzing metabolic reactions. Containing one or more long chains of amino acid residues, it is very important for the body. It is important for your body to build its own protein.
Protein synthesis is a fundamental biological process whereby each individual cell build their specific proteins. This is process is balanced by the loss of cellular proteins via degradation or export.
Protein can be found in foods such as meats, dairy products, nuts, and beans, and many more. It promotes healthy skin, hair, bones, fingernails, and muscles. However, the fast pace of living this days does not allow the consumption of protein needed to maintain your shape and muscle mass. This is where protein supplements come in.
What are protein supplements?
Protein supplements are usually powders consumed with the main aim of adding dietary protein to the diet when food is not consumed. It is usually made from a variety of sources such as milk, pea, rice, or beef.
Protein supplements are usually classified into two parts which are:
- Protein concentrate/Isolate
- Complete/Incomplete Protein
So, what are the types of proteins?
Protein is of different types and different sources. Here are some protein types/sources:
Whey Protein: This is the most popular protein in the market. It is a by-product in the process of turning milk into cheese. It supports cardiovascular health and a healthy metabolism.
Egg Proteins: This is a widely available organic protein that is released more slowly into the bloodstream than whey protein which makes it ideal for use throughout the day.
Milk Proteins: These are very similar to the egg proteins. However, their BV is lower when compared to the egg proteins. They are also released in the blood stream at a much slower rate.
Soy Proteins: It has been proven that soy proteins have positive effects on the health of both of men and women. They can also reduce the risk of many diseases, including breast cancer, prostate cancer, etc. Soy protein also help in osteoporosis treatment, because they stimulate the growth of bone mass.
Beef Proteins: These proteins are rich in vitamin B complex and iron, factors that contribute to improved utilization of nutrients and energy production. These supplements are mostly available in form of beef liver capsules, which provide you with all the benefits of beef proteins.
Now, what are the types of protein supplements in the market?
There are several protein supplements available in the market. These include:
- Meal replacement shakes
- Weight gainer shakes
- Protein Bars
- Protein powders
- Ready to drink protein shakes
- Beef liver capsules
The type of protein supplement you use should be determined by what you want. Do you want to gain weight? The weight gainers and protein bars are your choice.
All you have to keep in mind is that protein supplements are simply addition to healthy diet. Do not mistake them for meals because like the name suggests, they are just additions not food.